by A.Blekherman, Dr. Sci.

Short Biography of Dr.Alexander Bolonkin

A. Bolonkin was born in c. Perm (Russia) on 14 March 1933. He graduated with awards from Aviation Collage, Faculty of Aviation Engines, in 1952 (B.S.); Kazan Aviation Institute, Faculty of Aircraft Design, in 1958 (M.S.); Kiev University, Faculty of Mathematics, in 1964 (M.S.); Moscow Aviation Institute, Rocket Department, in 1964, dissertation "Optimal Trajectory of Multistage Rockets" (Dr. Sci.); Leningrad Polytechnic University, Aerospace Engineering Department, in 1971, dissertation "New Methods of Optimization and their Applications" (Post-Doctoral Degree in the former USSR).

He worked in Soviet aviation, rocket and Space industries about 20 years. In particularly, in Kiev Aircraft State Construction Bureau headed by Antonov, Bolonkin took part in design of aircraft AN-8 through An-225 (Engineer - Senior Engineer - Chairman of Department); in Rocket engine Construction Bureau headed by Academician V. P. Glushko A., Bolonkin was Chairman of Reliability Department and took part in design of rocket engines for main strategic rockets of the USSR; in TsAGI (Central Aero-Hydrodynamic Research Institute) A. Bolonkin was a scientific researcher. He lectured as a professor and worked as a Project Director in Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow Aviation Technological Institute, Bauman Highest Technical University, Technological Institute. He contacted with Construction Bureaus of Tupolev, Yakovlev, Mikoyan, Ilushin, Sykhoy, with all main aviation, rocket and space research and design Centers of the USSR. He had many awards in the Soviet Union. When he was young, he had National and World records in aviation modeling and was awarded with gold and silver medals.

In the former USSR, A. Bolonkin interested also in social and political problems, Human Rights, economic growth, the promotion of democratization. He wrote a lot of articles about these problems which were published in forbidden anti-Soviet press. Part of them were republished in the Western countries. In particular, the extract from his book "Comparison of Standard of Living in Russia, the USSR and Western Countries" were republished in Germany.

The Communist Power, KGB (Soviet Secret Police) severe persecuted him, put him into prisons (1972), concentration camps and exile in Siberia. They tortured and tormented A. Bolonkin very much. For example, they kept him three years in special prison of hard regime and 400 days in small cold dirty cell without warm clothes, gave him only low quality bread of one pound per day. He was a well - known political prisoner. The Nobel Laureates Academician Andrei Sakharov, writer Aleksandr Solzhenitsiyn, Radio Station "Voice of America" fought for his discharge.

In 1988, after 15 years of the Soviet concentration camps and exiles, Alexander Bolonkin arrived as a political refuge in the USA and became American citizen in 1994. He worked as a Senior Researcher in Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences of New York University; two years as a Senior Research Associate in Wright Laboratory, Flight Dynamic Directorate (Dayton, Ohio), (it is the main Laboratory of the USA Air Force); as a professor in New Jersey Institute of Technology, Computer and Information Department; two years as a Senior Researcher NASA (DFRC). For last four years alone, he published 9 scientific articles and books in the USA and a lot of articles in Russian - American press about social and political problems. He took part in three World Space Congresses (1992, 1994, 1996), World Aviatuin Congress (1998,1999), and eight Federal Scientific Conferences in the USA. In particularly, he published monograph "Development of Soviet pocket engines for Strategic Missiles", Delphic Ass., USA, 1991, 133 p., and large Chapter "Aviation, motor and Space Designs" in book "Development Technology in the Soviet Union", Delphic Ass., USA, 1990.

In 1990, A. Bolonkin was elected as a President of the International Association of Former Soviet Political Prisoners and Victims of the Communist Regime. This organization comprises the Associations and Societies of the USA, Russia, Ukraine, Byelorussia, Latvia, Lithuania, Bashkistan, and others republic of the former Soviet Union (more 32,000 members). He has depended Human Rights in the former USSR and published a lot of articles in press about these problems.

Alexander Bolonkin is the author of 60 scientific articles and books and 13 inventions in the USSR. He is patenting 9 inventions in the USA now.

Dr. A. Blekherman

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